Legal System Of Pakistan

The legal framework of Pakistan is a vital aspect of the nation, ensuring justice, order, and protection for its citizens. In this article, we shall explore the laws and the legal system that shape the governance and social fabric of Pakistan.

Constitutional Foundation:

The Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, adopted in 1973, serves as the supreme law of the land. It establishes the principles and structure of the state, ensuring the protection of fundamental rights, democracy, and the rule of law. The Constitution not only defines the powers and responsibilities of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches but also outlines the relationship between the federal and provincial governments.

Judicial System:

Pakistan’s judicial system comprises a hierarchical structure with the Supreme Court at its apex, followed by High Courts in each province, and District Courts at the grassroots level. The judiciary plays a crucial role in interpreting and upholding the Constitution, ensuring justice and fairness. The Supreme Court of Pakistan, located in Islamabad, has the authority to hear appeals on constitutional matters, civil and criminal cases.

Legal Code:

Pakistan’s legal code is a blend of Islamic law (Sharia) and English common law. The country’s legal system draws on a combination of statutes, precedents, and Islamic principles to address a wide range of legal matters. The Pakistan Penal Code and the Criminal Procedure Code outline criminal offenses, penalties, and procedures, while the Civil Procedure Code governs civil matters.

Family laws:

Family laws in Pakistan are primarily based on Islamic principles, and they cover issues related to marriage, divorce, guardianship, and inheritance. The Muslim Family Laws Ordinance of 1961 introduced reforms in marriage and divorce procedures, providing safeguards for women’s rights. However, family laws can vary among different religious communities in the country.

Human’s Rights & Women’s Rights:

Pakistan is committed to upholding human rights, and various laws are in place to protect the rights and dignity of its citizens. The Constitution guarantees fundamental rights, including the right to life, liberty, and equality before the law. Efforts have been made to address gender-based discrimination, and laws such as the Protection Against Harassment of Women at the Workplace Act aim to create a safer environment for women.

Challenges And Reforms:

Despite progress, Pakistan’s legal system faces challenges such as delays in the dispensation of justice, and access to legal aid. Efforts are ongoing to address these issues through judicial reforms, technology integration, and improved legal education. The establishment of specialized courts, such as anti-terrorism and family courts, reflects a commitment to enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of the legal system.


The legal system of Pakistan is a dynamic framework that continues to evolve to meet the needs of its diverse society. With a commitment to justice, the rule of law, and human rights, Pakistan’s legal landscape plays a vital role in shaping the nation’s future. Ongoing reforms and initiatives aim to strengthen the legal system, ensuring that it remains a cornerstone for justice and equity in the years to come.